Strong Passenger and Freight Demand Continues

Aug. 25, 2010
IATA: Recovery enters second phase, but will likely slow

Sydney - The International Air Transport Association (IATA) announced international scheduled traffic statistics for July which showed continued strengthening of demand for both passenger and cargo traffic. Compared to July 2009, international passenger demand was up 9.2% while international scheduled freight traffic showed a 22.7% improvement.

These year-on-year comparisons for July were less than the June growth data showing 11.6% and 26.6% increases for passenger and cargo traffic, respectively. The apparent slowdown was entirely due to the fact that by July 2009 traffic was already starting to recover. After adjusting for seasonality, the improvement in demand was faster month-to-month in July than it was in June.

It is clear that the recovery has entered a slower phase. During the second half of 2009, demand was rebounding at an annualized rate of 12% for passenger and 28% for cargo. In the year to July, the annualized growth rates had dropped to 8% for passenger and 17% for air freight. However, this is still considerably above the industry’s traditional 6% growth trend.

“The recovery in demand has been faster than anticipated. But, as we look towards the end of the year, the pace of the recovery will likely slow. The jobless economic recovery is keeping consumer confidence fragile, particularly in North America and Europe. This is affecting leisure markets and cargo traffic. Following the boost of cargo demand from inventory re-stocking, further growth will be largely determined by consumer spending which remains weak,” said Giovanni Bisignani, IATA’s Director General and CEO.

Passenger • July global passenger traffic was 3% higher than the pre-crisis levels of early 2008. • Asia-Pacific carriers outperformed the industry average with a 10.9% growth in July. This is consistent with the region’s 10.6% growth measured year-to-date. A July capacity increase of less than half the demand growth (5.1%) pushed load factors higher. Leading the industry recovery, the region’s carriers are expected to report a profit of US$2.2 billion. This will be the largest gain in dollar terms in 2010 compared to 2009. • European airlines, beleaguered by the region’s weak economy, saw little growth when the recovery took off in the second half of 2009. These airlines are now benefiting from long-haul expansion in 2010. In July, passenger demand was up by 6.2% over the same month in 2009. But the region’s slow start in the recovery process has seen it deliver the weakest demand performance among all the regions over the first seven months of the year (+3.6%). • North American carriers recorded a 7.9% improvement in passenger demand in July over the same month in the previous year. Over the first seven months of the year, the region’s carriers recorded a 6.3% increase, but kept capacity expansion to just 1.0%, raising load factors to 82.0% and producing strong gains in unit revenues that will support the region’s return to profitability this year. • African airlines are now benefiting significantly from the economic and travel upturn, outperforming the industry with 13.0% growth in passenger demand in July, which is consistent with the year-to-date improvement of 13.1%. Capacity is quickly coming back into the market with a 10.4% increase in July, limiting improvements in both load factors and financial performance. • Latin American carriers outperformed the global average with passenger growth of 14.2% in July (10.9% for the first seven months of the year). Faster capacity additions have seen load factors drop, which will limit gains in financial performance. • Middle Eastern carriers continue to add the largest amount of capacity (12.8% in July and 13.2% over the first seven months of the year). The region’s carriers have managed to increase demand at even higher levels (16.8% in July and 19.4% over the first seven months of the year). Load factors and financial performance will record improvements this year.