New Tiny Jets Aim to Revolutionize Air Travel

Will a whole new form of commercial air service emerge - one seat, on demand - as DayJet and Eclipse imagine?

The image is out of The Jetsons, minus the convertible briefcase: Ultra-small aircraft flying around by the thousands to ferry business people to work.

But to the makers of one new airplane, this is not animation.

Eclipse Aviation Corp.'s Eclipse 500, which received provisional government certification July 27, weighs less than 10,000 pounds, seats up to six and can land at almost any general-use airfield. It flies faster than propeller planes and more efficiently than existing business jets. And at a price of $1.5 million, it costs less than half as much.

That's enticing, industry observers agree, for plenty of business travelers fed up with security lines and crowded planes or unable to get commercial service in their towns, but also unable to afford their own jets or charters.

A handful of prospective air taxi firms have ordered 2,500 of the Eclipse 500s, one of a half dozen or so of the new "very light jets" that manufacturers are expected to produce. The biggest customer, DayJet Corp. of Delray Beach, Fla., has ordered 239 Eclipse 500s for delivery over the next two years and plans to start flying among five cities in Florida by December.

But will a whole new form of commercial air service emerge - one seat, on demand - as DayJet and Eclipse imagine?

DayJet officials envision shuttling passengers on day trips for the same cost as coach airfare, a hotel stay and per diem.

"We've spent a lot of time to understand the market demand, the pain that people experience getting to and from secondary markets," said Traver Gruen-Kennedy, DayJet's vice president of community and government affairs. "Two of our five markets don't even have scheduled service. ... We heard some real horror stories."

Others in the aviation business believe the future of very light jets is a little more down to earth.

They see the jets being sold for use as traditional charters and time-shares, which constitute the bulk of the air taxi business now, or as replacements for the old or high-priced planes of corporate and leisure owners.

That's what Cessna Co., a leader in business jets, plans for its new Mustang, a slightly larger and more expensive plane than the Eclipse. The bulk of the orders are from individual owners, with a small number going to corporate or charter fleets, although Cessna spokeswoman Bree Cox said the company wouldn't oppose a new use.

Richard L. Aboulafia of the Teal Group Corp. in Fairfax, Va., a consultant for the aircraft industry, said there is room for new taxi service. But he called the ubiquitous air taxi something of a "utopian fantasy."

Aboulafia questioned whether Eclipse could consistently sell as many planes as its business plan calls for - up to 700 annually to make a comfortable profit. He expects the number to be closer to 300.

And the company, which has its headquarters in Albuquerque, N.M., will have to share the business with a half-dozen other companies such as Cessna, Honda Motor Co. and Embraer SA, which also plan to manufacture very light jets.

"These are great planes with great technology," he said. "I'm just hard-pressed to see what kind of magic they enable."

Others agree that the market is uncertain, including Edward M. Bolen, president of the National Business Aviation Association, which represents companies that use general aviation aircraft.

He said about 3,000 general aviation planes, including all business jets, are sold annually.

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