Don't Fall Down On Safety
A deadly fall can be prevented with the right plan, writes Sara Garity
By Sara GarityBy Joan Bittel>
Ground service providers are often exposed to dangerous heights while working on aircraft. But, because of other heavily regulated safety concerns and the fact that sometimes it takes longer to be safe than the job takes, fall protection is often overlooked. However, falls from heights is the second leading cause of all deaths in the American workforce. Fall prevention and fall protection systems should be integrated and implemented in all potential fall situations.
Prevention Is The First Step
If you are just getting started, fall prevention is the first step. Recognize that accidents frequently involve a variety of factors. Employers and employees need to do the following:
- Identify the task.
- Select options that will protect employees from hazards.
- Identify and assess employees' strengths and weaknesses to maximize efficiency.
- Train those that will be working at elevated heights and certify those that will be training others.
According to the Occupational Safety & Health Administration's (OSHA) website, "each employee on a walking/working surface (horizontal and vertical surface) with an unprotected side or edge which is 6 feet (1.8 m) or more above a lower level shall be protected from falling by the use of guardrail systems, safety net systems, or personal fall arrest systems." Section 19.26
Categories Of Protection
Fall protection can be as simple as a guardrail or as complex as a multi-combination system. Fall protection falls into three basic categories:
Work Positioning — Work positioning allows the worker to perform a task while being exposed to a minimal free fall (2 feet or less). A worker using this device should employ a back-up system.
Fall Restraint — Designed to eliminate the possibility of falling such as guardrails, safety nets, and control zones. "SINCO/SALA offers netting to North America and Canada," says Tim O'Brien, V.P. of Sales and Marketing at DBI/SALA in Red Wing, Minnesota.
Fall Arrest — Designed to protect you in the event of a fall. "Fall arrest systems bring in about 85 percent of our business," states Dan Neal, Sales Engineer for Hy-Safe Technology in Union Grove, Wisconsin. "We work primarily with the Latchway's systems because they allow our customers 30 degrees more movement to either side of the line, which is the maximum OSHA allows for an offset distance."
Getting The Right Package
Whether you require a complete fall protection system or the integration of a single element, there are several options available.
"A turnaround for total system integration generally takes around 6-8 weeks, depending on the system design and the season," says Neal. "Summer is heaviest and we get the least amount of business in the winter months."
"We offer as much or as little of the fall protection system as you need — that is part of Hy-Safe's success," Neal continues. "You only pay for what you want."
O'Brien agrees, "This is true for everyone in the industry. DBI is committed to customer service and dedicated to getting the worker home safely."
The Basics of a Fall Protection Package:
- Assessment: A fall protection specialist will travel to your location for consultation.
- Design: By considering variables such as supporting structure, height of work area, obstructions, and worker mobility requirements, a fall protection solution is designed for you.
- Engineering: Engineers use the design and determine critical technical specifications to assure system integrity and code compliance.
- Fabrication: Welders use the engineered drawings to make applications that are specific to your system.
- Installation: Field teams properly install fall protection systems by strictly adhering to system engineering drawings and specifications to ensure that the system delivers 100-percent of intended performance.
- Testing: After installation, all fall arrest components are visually inspected and load tested in accordance with strict testing procedures.
- Certification: All completed fall arrest systems are certified to meet or exceed performance specifications before being delivered.
- Training: A completed fall-arrest system is effective only if it is properly used. Programs are developed to teach proper equipment use and maintenance.
The TRAM system is comprised of the TRAM unit, a base, rail, handhold, mounting hardware and body support.
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