Children under 2 years old will still be allowed to sit on their parents' laps when flying on an airplane, the government said Thursday.
The Federal Aviation Administration had considered making safety seats mandatory on planes for small children. That would require parents to buy extra plane tickets, which they don't now have to do for children under 2.
The FAA therefore concluded that requiring the safety seats would prompt cost-conscious travelers to drive, which is statistically more dangerous than flying.
Last year, nearly 43,000 people died in highway accidents. Thirteen died on commercial airline flights.
The National Transportation Safety Board and the American Academy of Pediatrics have pushed to require child safety seats on airlines.
The safety board's acting chairman, Mark Rosenker, said the decision presented an unnecessary risk to children.
"During takeoff, landing and turbulence, adults are required to be buckled up, baggage and coffee pots are stowed, computers are turned off and put away, yet infants and toddlers need not be restrained," Rosenker said in a statement.
FAA spokesman Greg Martin said requiring the seats would harm more children than it would protect.
"A lap child held firmly by a parent doesn't result in second- or third-degree burns like an unsecured pot of coffee," Martin said.
Three children who sat in their parents' laps were among the 309 who survived the fiery crash of an Air France Airbus A340 after it overshot the Toronto runway, Martin noted.
Many airlines offer half-price tickets so parents can be sure their child will fly in a safety seat.
Since 1978, nine children under 2 have died in plane crashes, the FAA said. Three deaths could have been prevented in 25 years if a child restraint system had been used, but more deaths might have occurred if their parents had chosen to drive instead.
A White House commission report in 1996 said the FAA should require restraints for all infants and children less than 40 inches and weighing less than 40 pounds.
On the Net:
National Transportation Safety Board: http://www.ntsb.gov
Federal Aviation Administration: http://www.faa.gov
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FAA Partners with Aviation Community and Safety Advocates to Raise Awareness on Child Safety As Summer Travel Season Nears
The FAA has developed a new web site and online information toolkit with information about how to keep children safe when traveling by air.
American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, United Airlines, Alaska Airlines and others also have phased out their baby discounts.
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