Small and medium-sized airports worry they won't have enough money to construct runways, buildings and terminals -- which could lead to longer passenger waits and flight delays -- if Congress slashes funding for a popular federal grant program as President Bush wants.
Congress approved $3.7 billion in grants for the Airport Improvement Program, run by the Federal Aviation Administration. The Bush administration proposes to cut funding by $950 million for the 2007 fiscal year, which begins Oct. 1, saying $2.75 billion is enough to continue work on projects already under way, and stay focused on reducing congestion in airports and making air travel safer.
The airport industry and House Democrats are trying to reverse the cuts as Congress writes the federal budget, a process that typically lasts into late September.
"I am not cynical enough to think that Congress will take care of this, and I can go play tennis now. We have to make the case," said Greg Principato, president of Airports Council International-North America. "Taking a billion dollars of what's available for capital-improvement projects at a time when the system is adding passengers at a very fast clip just doesn't make sense."
His group estimates the country's airports require a total of $14 billion a year -- more than what the grant program provides -- to make air travel safer and smoother for passengers.
In May, 47 House Democrats said in a letter to their colleagues who set federal spending levels that slashing a program that's provided airports large and small billions of dollars since 1982 is shortsighted. They said the Bush plan would change the formula the FAA uses to award yearly grants. Under the proposed revisions, the critics wrote, airports serving more than 10,000 passengers a year could see reductions of as much as 50 percent, and the country's 2,500 tiniest airports could lose the $150,000 each now receives.
FAA Administrator Marion Blakey defended the cuts Tuesday, saying that many federal programs must be trimmed to pay for the Iraq war and rebuild the Gulf Coast after hurricanes Katrina and Rita. Besides, Blakey said, 95 percent of the country's airfields are in fine shape, and airports can still receive federal funds through other grant programs. However, those programs don't guarantee a minimum yearly payment.
"There are probably going to be some rehabilitation projects that will have to be deferred, but that is not going to affect either the safety or capacity of our system. I think we are, in fact, exceeding our goal," Blakey said.
Since 2001, the Bush administration has provided "very robust funding" through the grant program, she said. "Some of the smaller airports have had what would be characterized as quite extensive funding."
A total of 3,364 airports receive improvement grants. The money can be used for projects like building and maintaining runways, installing fences and airfield lights, buying weather-observation equipment, and building access roads.
Darryl Jenkins, an aviation consultant, said airports in hundreds of small and medium-sized towns in rural America would be disproportionately hit if the funds are cut because they rely more on the grants for capital projects compared with big airports like New York's Kennedy International, Chicago's O'Hare or Atlanta's Hartsfield.
Smaller communities don't have a large number of airlines operating out of their airports. That means they don't get millions of dollars in fees, landing charges and rents airlines pay metropolitan hubs, Jenkins said.
The grant will provide for the replacement of runway pavement and extend the runway to meet the needs of aircraft using the airport. The project will begin this fall.
The budget cuts in its Airport Improvement Plan are from about $3.5 billion to $2.75 billion.
The Bush administration's proposed 2007 budget would cut $950 million from the level authorized by Congress and would be $765 million less than the amount budgeted in the current fiscal year.