After Years of Layoffs, American Airlines is Recalling Some Furloughed Pilots

Since the beginning of the year, 20 or 30 a month have been recalled. They're coming back primarily to replace retiring pilots.

Mar. 26 -- After almost two years on the ground, Debi Schultz wondered whether she would ever return to the skies.

The American Airlines pilot, laid off in March 2005, had exhausted much of her savings and had piled on debt. She spent nine months unemployed before taking a low-paying job answering calls at a financial-services company.

She considered selling her Keller home and even contemplated abandoning her dream profession and becoming a nurse.

"Things had gotten tough," she said. "And then the phone rang."

That call last November was from American, telling her that she could return to the airline and to flying -- her passion since she was 18 years old.

"I just said, 'Thank the Lord,'" she recalled, wiping away a few tears. "It was a very, very happy moment."

Schultz, 48, is among the first pilots to return to Fort Worth-based American after years of layoffs that grounded thousands.

The airline isn't bringing pilots back in huge numbers. Since the beginning of the year, 20 or 30 a month have been recalled, said officials with the Allied Pilots Association, the American pilots union. They're coming back primarily to replace retiring pilots, said Rusty McDaniels, chairman of the union's furlough committee.

Still, it's a marked difference from just a few years ago, when furloughed pilots worried that they might never return to their old jobs.

"It's a thrill to be welcoming people back," said Bob Johnson, American's director of employee relations. "It's nice to see those smiles on their faces."

American's recalls come amid an upswing in demand for pilots. Delta Air Lines and Continental Airlines are hiring pilots, while Northwest Airlines and US Airways are bringing back furloughed ones.

Meanwhile, foreign airlines are increasingly recruiting American flight crews, and growing discount carriers, like Dallas-based Southwest Airlines, are adding to the pilot ranks.

Regional carriers, such as American Eagle, continue to hire. Eagle, the regional affiliate of American, has been holding job fairs to recruit prospective pilots and expects to hire 700 this year.

Last month, nearly 900 pilots were hired in the United States, about one-third at the major airlines, according to consulting firm Air Inc.

"The overall job market for pilots has improved dramatically," said Kit Darby, president of Air Inc. and a pilot for United Airlines. "If a trained pilot wants to fly, there's usually an opportunity out there."

But pilots with the major airlines are often willing to wait years to return, eschewing other flying jobs out of fear of losing their seniority. They say it's a passion for the job, plus the salary, benefits and prestige that come with flying for the major airlines, that makes it difficult to give up.

Schultz's love for flying runs in the family.

Her father was a United pilot. She said she knew that she wanted to fly professionally the moment she took her first flying lesson at age 18.

"It's like no other feeling in the world," she said. "It's an addiction. It gets in your blood."

She spent years as a flight instructor and flew cargo runs before joining American Eagle in 1985. She worked there for more than 15 years. In January 2001, she moved up to American Airlines, flying an MD-80 from Dallas/Fort Worth Airport.

But she always knew that flying can be an unstable profession. She remembers her father being furloughed from United and said he worked unloading trucks while waiting to be recalled.

"He just said you do what you have to do to keep food on the table," she said.

That worry increased after 9-11, as American parked scores of airplanes in the desert.

"I think a lot of pilots had forgotten just how cyclical this business is," said Cheryl Cage, a career consultant who works with pilots. "At some point in your career, you're going to be furloughed or merged, or your airline is going to go under, and there's going to be a time when you're not flying."

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