Long before Indianapolis began forging an ambitious public arts plan for its midfield terminal project, airports in Miami, Denver and Washington, D.C., commissioned millions of dollars' worth of statues, mosaics and fountains.
Smaller airports, such as Austin-Bergstrom International in Texas, which is on par with Indianapolis in terms of passenger counts, also have latched onto the trend.
When Austin rebuilt its airport in 1999, it set aside $ 365,000 for art, according to Megan Crigger, administrator of the city of Austin's Art in Public Places program.
"Airports are busy places," Crigger said, noting that commissioned art has to be on a large scale to grab people's attention. "You have to get people to pause and experience the gateway of a city and give them a clue about where they're about to visit. It's critical to creating a sense of place."
Public art efforts at Indianapolis International Airport's new midfield terminal will easily outpace Austin's commitment. And unlike most airport art programs that take place in localities with local ordinances requiring a percentage of construction costs go toward art commissions, Indianapolis International Airport's $ 3.89 million commitment was voluntary.
"[Typically], if there isn't a percent-for-art ordinance, you just don't have a lot of people voluntarily doing it," said Julia Muney Moore, public arts administrator for Indianapolis-based Blackburn Architects Inc.
The Airport Authority contracted with Blackburn to line up the art commissions and consult on passengers' experiences at the new terminal. At just under 1 percent of total construction costs, Indianapolis' commitment is roughly in line with other cities' mandated programs.
"Art has been part of the development from the beginning, not just an afterthought or an accessory," said John J. Kish, project director for the new terminal, which is slated to open by late 2008. "It was important for the project to communicate to travelers the importance of arts and culture for the Indianapolis region."
It's a concept that's been around for years, according to Michael Rushton, a professor of public arts administration at Indiana University. Take, for example, New York City's leading position in the arts world and the beauty of its Grand Central Station.
"It's an issue of civic pride," Rushton said. "Your airport is your front door and you want it to be welcoming."
Some of the final works will go up at the new Indianapolis terminal as early as next month. But the artist-selection process started in 2004 when Blackburn oversaw a general call for artists to submit qualifications, including examples of past pieces, a resume and artist statements.
A panel of seven judges screened more than 500 applicants, winnowing the field to just 52 and eventually to 18 projects proposed for specific sites. From there, 15 artists received commissions to do work for the first round of installations, slated to debut with the new terminal.
With more than a year and a half to go, some of the pieces are already making their way to Indianapolis.
Panels for British-based artist Martin Donlin's enormous glass murals were hand-blown in Germany and shipped to Minneapolis where they'll be shipped to Indianapolis and installed in April.
Painted bronze pieces for the whimsical piece "Baggage Claim" by Brooklyn-based artist Ron Baron are being cast in Spencer, a small city about an hour southwest of Indianapolis.
And at least one plum contract is yet to be awarded. Eighty-five artists put in specific proposals for an artwork and landscape design to cover a seven-acre site at the entryway from Interstate 70 to the airport, almost two miles from the new terminal.
The look of the floor has kindled debate among project designers and the board that oversees the airport.
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