May 25--Someday in the not too distant future, passengers may be getting to and from the San Jose airport on a curious-looking, driverless shuttle the size of a Smart car.
San Jose, meet the pod car.
Rather than transporting large numbers of people on a train that stops frequently, the idea is to provide a nonstop ride on elevated rail lines for only one passenger, or up to six people, from the airport to nearby hotels, business centers and train stations.
"You say pod car and people say, 'Huh?' " said Laura Stuchinsky, the sustainability officer for the city's department of transportation. "Then you describe it to them and, depending on their age, they say, 'Oh, the Jetsons.' "
Transportation planners acknowledge there are big hurdles to overcome, but there's a lot of buzz behind this futuristic form of travel, in which passengers might pay $1.50 or less for transport at 40 mph.
Last month, the Valley Transportation Authority set aside $4 million to begin feasibility studies of such a system. Today, Mayor Chuck Reed will breakfast with dozens of transit planners from the Bay Area and across the globe hoping to guide San Jose into becoming just the fifth city worldwide to invest in a pod-car system, which can be built at a fraction of the cost of heavy rail or an automated people mover, the driverless shuttles common at many airports.
In October, San Jose will host an international pod car conference, a bid it
won after acting Transportation Director Hans Larsen appeared as a guest speaker in Sweden as part of the international climate conference in Copenhagen last December.
Reasons behind the push toward a form of travel few have ever heard of revolve around money, flexibility and the environment.
A pod-car system running from long-term parking and the terminals to the Caltrain station west of the airport could be built for about $200 million. In comparison, an automated people mover would require tunneling under the runways and cost around $600 million.
That figure caught the disapproving eye of Reed.
"At $550 million to $600 million," the San Jose mayor said, "I concluded it would never be built at that price tag."
Many issues remain unresolved, especially over funding. The Measure A sales tax approved by Santa Clara County voters 10 years ago includes funding for mass transit to the airport -- if there is money left over from building the BART extension from Fremont to the South Bay.
Federal grants and private investment are also potential sources of cash. But for now, there are more questions than answers.
"There is no current timetable or source of funding for any such system in San Jose, whether serving the airport or downtown, and the technology itself is still evolving," San Jose airport spokesman David Vossbrink said. "We are a very long way away from any specific ideas about actual routes, technology, ownership, operations, funding, costs, benefits, timetables, etc. These all still need to be hashed out."
The future of other forms of transit also may come into play. Caltrain threatens huge cuts in service unless new funding can be found, and light-rail ridership has been hammered by the down economy.
But the momentum behind pod cars is clear. A company called Unimodal Systems will begin testing a pod-car system it calls SkyTran at NASA in Mountain View in two to three years.
Pod cars, also known as Personal Rapid Transit, are computer-driven electric vehicles that run on a monorail-like loop, usually suspended above roads, with stops at major destinations. Riders would get in, punch in their destination and be taken there nonstop.
When the vehicle arrives, it swings off the main track and into a side loading and unloading area, allowing cars behind it to proceed without stopping. The system could be free to passengers, or fares could be as low as 50 cents to $1.50 per trip.
A personal transit system is capable of moving the same number of passengers around an airport as a larger automated people mover system.
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