AMTs are usually the tip of the aircraft maintenance iceberg with huge support organizations lying beneath to ensure we have the knowledge, training, tools, and equipment necessary to keep our aircraft safe and serviceable. This support comes from all directions and in many forms: manuals, service bulletins, regulations, best practices, tips, conversations with peers, and OEM technical staff.
Aircraft Maintenance Technology magazine asked Michael D. Everhart, vice president of products & services delivery with Lycoming Engines, for a technical discussion with him and Lycoming Technical Support about engine maintenance. In turn Everhart requested Technical Support to compile a list of the most frequently asked questions and issues from customers and a list of field practices that Lycoming Engines would like to see addressed, eliminated, or changed.
Lycoming is a major U.S. manufacturer of horizontally opposed, air-cooled, four-, six-, and eight-cylinder aircraft engines. Headquartered in Williamsport, PA, the company has produced more than 325,000 piston aircraft engines and powers more than 65 percent of the new general aviation aircraft. It has produced aircraft engines for 84 years and as the industry leader, continues to improve the performance and value delivered to its customers. In November of 2010, Lycoming received the Shingo Prize for Operational Excellence, referred to as the “Nobel Prize for Manufacturing.”
Most frequently asked questions and issues from customers
Question: How do we interpret cylinder compression readings? Based on Lycoming Technical Publications SI-1191, what are the acceptable criteria for cylinder compression checks?
Lycoming: Start and run the engine until cylinder head (CHT) and oil temperature are stabilized then stop the engine and immediately conduct the compression test using an instrument with a specific orifice diameter of 0.040. There should not be more than a 10 to 15 psi difference between cylinders. If one cylinder tests below 65 psi, then troubleshoot to determine where the compression leak is occurring. Listen to the breather tubes or oil filler tube and if you hear leakage, the problem is the rings. Listen to the intake and if you can hear leakage then it would be an intake valve. Do the same for the exhaust.
Question: When does a propeller strike require an engine tear-down inspection?
Lycoming: The propeller OEM refers AMTs and owners and operators to Lycoming. Our Service Bulletin 533 is the defining document for the following situations:
With the engine running or not, if a strike occurs that results in propeller damage where a repair is required, an engine tear-down inspection is also required by Lycoming.
For example, if while being towed the prop hit the hangar door and had to be repaired, that would warrant an engine tear-down inspection as well.
With the engine running, any strike with a solid object that causes a sudden decrease in rpm and requires a repair to the propeller requires an engine tear-down inspection.
With the engine running, a strike with a yielding substance, like tall grass or water that results in a sudden drop in rpm will require an engine tear-down inspection.
If any of these events have occurred, Lycoming requires the tear-down inspection be done before the next flight using its approved inspection checklist.
Question: Why don’t the parts I ordered from the Lycoming Illustrated Parts Catalogue (IPC) match the parts in my engine?
Lycoming: Some of the parts catalogs in the field are out of date. Some of our engines have been in service for years and during that time parts evolved, suppliers changed, and pictures were updated resulting in revisions to our parts catalog. Gaskets are a great example. The parts manufacturer will change the design, profile, and composition material of the gasket so what used to be Part A gasket has been superseded and now may be Part C. This is confusing and a customer could think that they had received the wrong part. Lycoming’s practice is to incorporate and communicate part number updates via service bulletins, service instructions, and service letters as an interim amendment to the periodic IPC revisions. To avoid problems, ensure that Lycoming’s and all service providers’ IPCs are current by ordering their catalog revisions.
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