Import and export

Import and Export By Brian Whitehead November 1998 Brian Whitehead is Transport Canada's chief, policy development for the Aircraft Maintenance & Manufacturing branch in Ottawa, Canada. The Canadian Aviation Regulations (CARs) differ from...

Depending on the circumstances, the declaration may make reference to the Canadian requirements, or to those of the importing country. Certain countries have notified Canada of their requirements, and the details can be found in the Airworthiness Manual, Chapter 509, Appendix B. Where it is not possible to meet all of the applicable standards, the authority may provide a written statement accepting the deviation. This statement should be referenced in the export certificate, and should accompany the export documentation. Despite the similarity in the titles, an Export Airworthiness Certificate is not a Certificate of Airworthiness (C of A). Therefore, unless the aircraft is to be disassembled and delivered by surface transportation, a valid flight authority must also be issued by the state of registry, to enable the delivery flight.

An export airworthiness certificate issued by a foreign authority is one means of demonstrating the aircraft's eligibility for a Canadian C of A. The procedures for acceptance of export airworthiness certificates are located in CAR 507 Flight Authority. The C of A for an imported aircraft may be issued by a CASI or an Airworthiness Inspection Representative - Maintenance (AIR-M).

Before the C of A can be issued, an AME must certify that the aircraft conforms to its certified type design and is in safe condition for flight. This certification probably represents the broadest scope of responsibility undertaken on the authority of an AME license, especially when the aircraft is a used one. The AME assumes responsibility for the entire aircraft. He must not only have a detailed knowledge of the aircraft's condition, but also of the type design, and the differences between the Canadian requirements and those of the country of origin. The AME should not assume that the later issuance of a C of A by a CASI or an AIR-M will this lessen his own responsibility. The C of A is issued, in part, on the basis of the AME's certification, and Transport Canada will hold the AME accountable for it.

Do not sign a statement of condition and conformity unless you are confident that you have the required level of knowledge, and have personally inspected the aircraft and its records to the degree necessary. In addition to the obvious safety aspects and your responsibilities under the CARs, you could also incur serious financial liability to the aircraft owner if it should later be found that the aircraft did not in fact qualify for a Canadian flight authority. This is not a responsibility to be taken lightly.

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