An annual inspection must be performed by either an IA [See CFR Part 65.95 (a)(2)] or a certificated repair station rated properly for the aircraft being inspected [See CFR Part 145.51 (c)].
A progressive inspection may be performed by a mechanic without Inspection Authorization, as long as the inspection is being supervised by the holder of an Inspection Authorization. As the holder of a repair station rating, the repair station establishes (with FAA involvement) who within the station is authorized to perform inspections "Qualified Inspectors" [See CFR Part 145.43 (a)(2)].
The inspection program
Separation Point for Annual Inspections vs. Inspection Programs
For the "Complex" aircraft as shown in Table 1, the owner is required to make a selection as to which inspection program will be used. The four options are found in CFR Part 91.409 (f) and are as follows:
1. A continuous airworthiness inspection program that is part of a continuous airworthiness maintenance program currently in use by a person holding an air carrier operating certificate or an operating certificate issued under Parts 121, 127, or 135 of this chapter and operating that make and model under Part 135 of this chapter and maintaining it under 135.411 (a)(2) of this chapter.
2. An approved aircraft inspection program approved under 135.419 of this chapter and currently in use by a person holding an operating certificate issued under Part 135 of this chapter.
3. A current inspection program recommended by the manufacturer.
4. Any other inspection program established by the registered owner or operator of that airplane or turbine-powered rotorcraft and approved by the administrator under paragraph (g) of this section. However, the administrator may require revision to this inspection program in accordance with the provisions of 91.415.
1. In some cases, the owner of an aircraft with 10 or more passenger seats may know of another operator of a like aircraft who holds an air carrier certificate and has an FAA-approved continuous airworthiness maintenance program for that make and model. The Part 91 operator may elect to use the inspection portion of the maintenance program in use and maintained by the air carrier operation. When he or she makes such an election, they would choose this option (f) (1).
2. Similar to Option (f)(1), this option is also for the operator who knows of another operator of a like aircraft who holds an air carrier certificate and holds an Approved Aircraft Inspection Program (AAIP) for that make and model. The Part 91 operator may elect to use that AAIP as long as the air carrier continues to have a like aircraft on their certificate and the AAIP is maintained to the FAA standard.
3. This option is the most common one used. Option (f)(3) is simply the inspection program provided by the aircraft manufacturer for their aircraft. I particularly like this option because the manufacturer is the one burdened with keeping it current. As the requirements of the program change, those changes are implemented for the aircraft.
4. This option simply allows the owner to develop and submit for approval, their own Part 91 inspection program. This "Owner’s Program" is often confused with the AAIP used in CFR Part 135.419. Once approved, the owners program can be used.
In any case, the owner is required to make a selection and record that selection in the aircraft maintenance records, [Ref. Part 91.409 (f)] so that those maintaining the aircraft know what inspection guide(s) to use while performing the inspection. Periodically, an aircraft will be moved from one inspection program under CFR Part 91.409 (f) to another option. Whenever this occurs, the owner is to make note of it in the maintenance logbooks, and is required to ensure that all of the requirements of the program he or she is entering are current and up to speed.
Regardless of which option the owner selects, the rule is clear on what must be included in the scope and detail of the inspection program for these multi-turbine- powered aircraft. CFR Part 91.409(e) states that: "...the replacement times for life-limited parts specified in the aircraft specifications, type data sheets, or other documents approved by the Administrator are complied with and the airplane or turbine-powered rotorcraft, including the airframe, engines, propellers, rotors, appliances, survival equipment, and emergency equipment, is inspected in accordance with an inspection program selected under the provisions of paragraph (f) of this section..."
What Makes Up the Inspection Program for Turbine Aircraft? Part 2 of 3 By Joe Hertzler September 2001 In the July 2001 issue of AMT, we discussed in detail the difference between...
Logbook Research It's not just an AD search any more By Joe Hertzler The maintenance records of an aircraft are the single most important factor considered when evaluating an aircraft for...
Air Carrier Certification Meeting the FAA requirements By Joe Hertzler A funny thing happened to me the other day at an FAA office that will remain unnamed. I was there for the...
The things that make the nine or less operation different than Part 91 operations and those things that are different about other Part 135 operations.