A collection of news tidbits and regulation updates
By Fred Workley
Proposed review of regs on hold
The FAA has put on hold its proposed review of Parts 91, 119, 125, and 135 because of budget concerns. The FAA had been operating under a continuing resolution in the first quarter of the new fiscal year that started on Oct. 1, 2002. The FAA was thus not able to convene a new commission to carry out the proposed review in 2002, but the project is still on the proposed list.
New look for ADs
A new rule was effective on Aug. 21, 2002, that changed the look of the FAA's Airworthiness Directives (ADs) but their purpose remains the same. The FAA issues ADs when they become aware of unsafe conditions that affect a particular type of aircraft, powerplant, propeller, or appliance, and that will likely exist or develop in other products of the same type design. ADs impose a legal obligation on the aircraft owner to correct the unsafe conditions. ADs are published in the Federal Register as amendments to Part 39 of the Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR), but are not codified in the regular annual editions of the FAR.
Anti-icing requirements final
The FAA published in the Federal Register on Aug. 27, 2002, a new rule making the two anti-icing interim rules permanent. The interim rules, published in 1992 and 1993, outline requirements for anti-icing, deicing, and training procedures for Part 121, 125, and 135 operations. Part 91 operators must follow two Advisory Circulars, AC 120-58 and AC 135-17, on large and small aircraft ground deicing.
Alcohol fuels: Take heed
Cessna has issued a Service Bulletin, dated Oct. 2, 2002, that warns Cessna aircraft operators not to use AGE-85 (85 percent ethanol) in Cessna Aircraft, including models 152, 172, and 182. The SB states that use of the ethanol-based alternative fuel may damage certain components. On the other hand, Embraer introduced the Ipanema aircraft on Oct. 10, 2002. This aircraft is fueled by alcohol distilled from sugar cane. The Ipanema is a crop duster aircraft.
Aircraft corrosion costs
A study published in 2002 by the Federal Highway Society and the Corrosion Society is titled "Corrosion Costs and Preventive Strategies in the United States." The report indicates that corrosion costs for U.S. air carriers is $2.2 billion a year; $200 million in design and manufacturing; $1.7 billion for corrosion maintenance; and $300 million in downtime. It points out that there are additional aviation-related corrosion costs associated with maintaining airports, fuel storage facilities, and hangars. The study did not include the costs of corrosion control for general aviation aircraft or government-owned aircraft. Copies of the report are available from the National Technical Information Service, 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, VA 22161. The NTIS product number is PB2002106409/u for a cost of $106.
Department of Homeland Security
The new Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is the biggest new department since the Department of Defense. It will incorporate parts of 20 agencies and eight cabinet level departments. The new TSA has moved from the Department of Transportation to DHS. The DHS will employ more than 150,000 people and have a budget close to $38 billion per year. Many government agency aviation programs are affected by this consolidation of agencies.
Human factors program certification
The FAA has issued Policy Statement No. ANM-01-03 that identifies factors to consider when reviewing an applicant's proposed human factors methods of compliance for flight deck certification. This final policy that clarifies current FAA policy with respect to compliance with human factors-related regulations during certification projects on transport category airplanes. The Transport Airplane Directorate issued it on Feb. 7, 2003 [Federal Register: Feb. 19, 2003 (Vol. 68, No. 33)]. For further information contact Steve Boyd, Airplanes & Fight Crew Interface Branch; (425) 227-1138; fax (425) 227-1320; e-mail: 9-ANMemail@example.com.
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