Darn Big Loader was not the original name for the mini "aircraft carrier"cargo loader, one third the length and half the width of a football field. Its conspicuous nickname augmented throughout the design and construction process, for obvious reasons, stuck. The longest in the world at 118 ft., 1 inch, this loader was designed and built in less than 15 months by TLD at its facility in Sherbrooke, Quebec. It was unveiled and successfully tested in June of last year.
The DBL-110, built solely for Boeing's 787 program, is used for the loading and unloading of major 787 Dreamliner aircraft components into three specifically modified 747-400's LCF (the swing-tail Large Cargo Freighter, naturally dubbed the "Dreamlifter"). Five loaders were in operation toward the end of 2006 in Japan, Italy, Kansas, South Carolina and Washington. An additional loader will soon be operational in Everett, Wash."Two additional loaders are soon to be operating in Everett, WA. But why fly these massive components when normally, parts and assemblies are transported by ship, rail, truck or other traditional methods?
"We announced in June 2003 that the 787 would be the first commercial jet to have the majority of its primary structure — including the wing and the fuselage — made of composite materials, says Kurt Kraft, chief project engineer for the Dreamlifter. Using composite materials, according to Kraft, allows Boeing to build larger, more integrated assemblies that would originate from various parts of the world. "We decided to fly the major assemblies [because] our studies showed we could save between 20 to 40 percent over the cost of traditional shipping methods,"Kraft explains. Using the Dreamlifter, what once took weeks, now takes hours.
The Dream Team
The entire project was a shared design effort between Boeing and TLD engineers beginning with the discovery phase in the spring of 2004 through to the issue of the contract in February 2005. Boeing initially provided the operational concept, interface and control system requirements, as well as the overall direction. TLD implemented the design, providing and calculating the power requirements, structural geometry, stress analysis, hydraulic design and structural component configuration.
"Designing and building a cargo loader of this magnitude is a unique proposition,"says Mike Bunney, director of global logistics for the Boeing 787 Dreamliner program. "A robust transportation system is essential to meeting the customer demand for the Dreamliner and a safe and efficient cargo loader is critical.”
The DBL-110 is a critical part of the supply chain for the production of the new Boeing 787 Dreamliner and, as such, it has been designed and equipped with a number of redundant systems as well as being subject to a number of reliability studies in component selection.
Two of the three Dreamlifter LCFs were modified at Evergreen Aviation Technologies Corp. in Taiwan. The third has been "inducted"into the factory and the modification process has begun. The Dreamlifter is expected to be certified within next few months and the first two began transporting 787 major assemblies in January of this year.
The LCF fleet will ferry 787 wings and fuselage parts from partners in Wichita, Kan.; Charleston, S.C.; Grottaglie, Italy; and Nagoya, Japan, to Boeing's Everett factory for final assembly. A cargo loader is based at each facility. An operator seated in a cab atop the giant loader will drive the machine to the parked Large Cargo Freighter (LCF). Sensors will perfectly align it to the LCF's cargo-handling system to ensure safe loading and unloading.
Darn Big Challenges
Evergreen Eagle, a division of Evergreen International Aviation (also responsible for operating the fleet of Dreamlifters), is Boeing's partner for all of the LCF's ground handling activities. Based in McMinnville, Ore., Evergreen was chosen because they have extensive experience in managing cargo freight operations, including odd-sized cargo.
These tests are the first time the LCF swing tail has opened.
Cargo plane has been turning heads in the skies over the Seattle area for months as it's undergone hundreds of hours of flight tests.
Boeing rolls out second specially-modified freighter and celebrates a successful first pickup of 787 parts from Japan.