Accountable Manager?

Up until a few years ago, the old Part 145 rules did not identify any individual who was responsible for the actions of a repair station. This all changed when Part 145 was revised and made effective on Oct. 6, 2003, and the position of “accountable manager” was created. By definition: Accountable manager means the person designated by the certificated repair station who is responsible for and has the authority over all repair station operations that are conducted under Part 145, including ensuring that repair station personnel follow the regulations and serving as the primary contact with the FAA.

Sub-part D of the Part 145 rule section 145.151 says each repair station must designate an employee as an accountable manager. However, nowhere in the regulations does the rule identify the standards for the person who holds the wet paper bag of responsibility for the repair station. Nor does it require him or her to be certificated or trained in the work performed under the repair station’s ratings. At best, this person is left standing all alone on spongy, sopping wet ground. Without recurrent training this person has a standing invitation to fail.

So in an attempt to help the new person with water bubbling up around his shoes, and to shake up the old person who has been in the business so long and thinks recurrent training is for somebody else, I have created a 40 question self-evaluation, open-book test. This is with the hope that all the accountable managers out there might look into recurrent training for themselves.

Anybody who works in a repair station can take the test, but it is geared toward what I think the accountable manager needs to know from the regulation side of the street. After all, if he or she does not know the rules, how could he or she ensure that the rest of the repair station is following them? The answers to this test will be published on the AMT website. Good Luck.

1. What is the Code of Federal Regulations?
a. The law that established the Federal Aviation Administration
b. Legal name for the Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR)
c. Where all 50 U.S. government regulatory titles are kept
d. Old name for the Civil Aeronautic Administration, Civil Air Rules

2. FAA Advisory Circulars are:
a. Mandatory requirements for all FAA certificated persons or agencies
b. Nonmandatory information regarding FAA rules and policy
c. Documents that establish policy for one year or less
d. Used to alert operators of proposed FAA rule changes

3. What does the word “section” mean in the FAR?
a. It is an individual rule
b. It is a special Federal Aviation Regulation (SFAR)
c. One of three parts of a rule: Policy, background, and legal justification
d. Largest part in the CARs

4. What is the legal meaning of “airworthy?”
a. Safe to fly
b. Meets all certification regulations and the logbooks are signed
c. Meets its type design or properly altered condition and is in a condition for safe operation
d. All AD and inspection requirements complied with and signed-off in the aircraft maintenance records

5. What is the most important certificate required to be in a U.S. registered aircraft?
a. Registration certificate
b. Airworthiness certificate
c. Radio license
d. Operating Manual/Placards
e. Weight and Balance form

6. What three parts of the FAR are listed on a standard U.S. Airworthiness Certificate?
a. Parts 1, 39, and 121
b. Parts 1, 43, and 91
c. Parts 43, 91, and 121
d. Parts 21, 43, and 91

7. What are Type Certificates issued to?
a. Engines, aircraft, and propellers
b. Aircraft, engines, propellers and appliances
c. Aircraft only
d. Aircraft, engines, propellers, appliances, and articles

8. How many “kinds” of FAA Field Approvals are there?
a. One
b. Two
c. Three
d. Four

9. What is a PMA part?
a. FAA approved part for a specific make and model aircraft
b. FAA acceptable part for a specific make and model aircraft
c. Part used on production model aircraft weighing less than 12,500 pounds
d. Generic approved part used on many makes and models of aircraft

10. What is a TSO part?
a. FAA approved part for a specific make and model aircraft
b. FAA acceptable part for a specific make and model aircraft
c. Part used on aircraft weighing more than 12,500 pounds
d. Generic approved part used on many makes and models of aircraft

11. What is FAA “Acceptable” data used for?
a. Major repairs
b. Major alterations
c. Answers a and b
d. Routine maintenance

12. What is FAA “Approved” data used for?
a. Major repairs
b. Major alterations
c. Answers a and b
d. Routine maintenance

13. What does the word “rebuild” mean?
a. Inspected, cleaned, repaired to meet service limits
b. Inspected, cleaned, repaired to meet FAA limits
c. Inspected, cleaned, repaired to meet new limits
d. Inspected, cleaned, repaired to meet PMA limits

14. What does the word “overhaul” mean?
a. Inspected, cleaned, repaired to meet service limits
b. Inspected, cleaned, repaired to meet FAA limits
c. Inspected, cleaned, repaired to meet new limits
d. Inspected, cleaned, repaired to meet PMA limits

15. Can a manufacturer of a TC, PMA, TSO product repair his own product?
a. Yes
b. No

16. Who is “primarily” responsible for the airworthiness of the aircraft?
a. Manufacturer
b. Repair station
c. Owner or operator
d. The certificated person who signs the logbooks

17. An owner of an aircraft can destroy maintenance records for a major repair after
a. Five years
b. Two years
c. One year
d. Never

18. Part 43.13 Performance rule requires all work accomplished with the necessary data, tools to be equal to or better than the original equipment/component.
a. True
b. False

19. Total time means
a. Number of hours measured from take-off to landing
b. Number of hours measured from gate to gate
c. Mean average based on hours in the air and monthly utilization of aircraft
d. Mean average of hours based on time between take-offs and landings

20. Who can sign off maintenance in a U.S. registered aircraft’s logbook?
a. Mechanic/repair station
b. Pilot
c. Manufacturer
d. All of the above

21. The “accountable manager” of a Part 145 repair station is:
a. Responsible for the economic success of the repair station
b. Liaison between Part 121 operators, Mfr., the repair station, and the FAA
c. Responsible for the repair station compliance with the regulations
d. Accountable to the repair station senior management for airworthiness

22. The definition of the word “article(s)” as used in Part 145 means:
a. An aircraft, engine, propeller, or component
b. The title of the preamble paragraphs at the beginning of Part 145
c. The term used to define Hazmat materials or products
d. Products identified to be repaired under a limited “specialized service” rating

23. Regarding the Part 145 Repair Station “Manual,” “Quality Control Manual,” and “Training program:”
a. All must be accepted by the FAA
b. All must be approved by the FAA
c. Only the repair station and quality control manual must be FAA approved
d. Only the repair station training program has to be FAA approved

24. A Part 145 repair station certificate is good:
a. In the U.S. until surrendered, suspended, or revoked
b. Outside the U.S. for one year and renewed for two years
c. 24 calendar months
d. Answers a and b

25. Hazmat training for repair stations located in the U.S. must meet:
a. Title 49 Code of Federal Regulations, Part 172, sub-part H
b. EPA and the Hazmat training of the state where the repair station is located
c. ICAO Technical Instructions for the safe transport of dangerous goods
d. The National Air Carrier’s Association (NACA) approved Hazmat training

26. All maintenance performed by a Part 145 repair station must meet the standards identified in:
a. Part 145
b. Part 43
c. Title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations
d. Air operator’s maintenance manual

27. A Part 145 Limited Rating is for:
a. Radio, navigation, and accessory products only
b. Aircraft, powerplants, and propellers classes only
c. Issued to providers of contract maintenance to the repair station
d. Particular makes and models of articles

28. The facility for a repair station with an airframe Class 4 rating must:
a. Be large enough to enclose the biggest aircraft listed on its Operation Specifications
b. Be large enough to enclose an Airbus A-380
c. Include a SFAR-36 engineering department to develop repair data
d. Include both a SFAR-36 and a DAS authorization to develop FAA approved repair and alteration data for the repair station

29. Satellite repair stations can be in another country and have different ratings than the repair station that manages them.
a. True
b. False

30. A repair station roster of management, supervisory, and inspection personnel must be revised within how many days after a change in the roster takes place?
a. Three business days
b. Four business days
c. Five business days
d. Seven business days

31. Must the repair station perform a self-evaluation on every article on the Capability List?
a. Yes, and keep the self-evaluation for each article for two years
b. Yes, and keep the self-evaluation for each article until removed
c. No, only the articles performed by contract maintenance must have a self-evaluation
d. No, only the FAA performs the evaluation of each article

32. Repair station maintenance records must be kept for a period of:
a. One year
b. Two years
c. Three years
d. Forever

33. A repair station may contract with noncertificated repair facilities if that repair station:
a. Has ensured the facility has a quality control system equal to its own
b. The repair station remains directly in charge of the work performed
c. The repair station inspects the contract facility frequently for compliance
d. All of the above

34. FAA may inspect the repair station or any of its noncertificated contract facilities:
a. When notified by the FAA by letter or electronic communication
b. At least once a year for small repair stations or four or more times for larger repair stations
c. At any time
d. In accordance with Part 145, section 145.223 FAA Inspection rule

35. What kind of enforcement action(s) can the FAA take against a repair station who did not comply with the Federal Aviation Regulations?
a. Civil penalty
b. Administrative action
c. Federal action under the FAA Authorization Act of 1958
d. Civil penalty and/or administrative action

36. FAA civil enforcement against repair stations contains two enforcement procedures:
a. Civil penalty and certificate action
b. Letter of warning and letter of correction
c. Revocation or suspension of the certificate
e. Civil fine against both the repair station and its responsible personnel

37. The main purpose of a safety management system in a repair station is:
a. Reduce costs
b. Reduce employee turnover
c. Reduce risk
d. Reduce the overall level of safety

38. Studies have shown that the biggest obstacle to creating and maintaining a successful safety management system in a repair station is:
a. Lack of management buy-in
b. Lack of employee buy-in
c. Lack of resources
d. Lack of training

39. The situation(s) where the most errors occur in a repair station is:
a. Prolonged overtime
b. Extreme heat or cold working conditions
c. Shift turnover
d. All of the above

40. A repair station can perform work at another location other than its permanent location only if:
a. The FAA authorizes it
b. The repair station manual has procedures in place to perform the work
c. The repair station has a Class rating
d. Answers a and b

Fine Print Test Answers

1. The Code of Federal Regulations is C: Where all 50 U.S. government regulatory Titles are kept.

2. FAA Advisory Circulars are B: Non-mandatory information regarding FAA rules and policy.

3. The word “section” in the FAR means A: An individual rule.

4. The legal meaning of “airworthy” is C: Meets its type design or properly altered condition and is in a condition for safe operation.

5. The most important certificate required to be in a U.S. registered aircraft is A: Registration certificate.

6. The three Parts of the FAR listed on a standard U.S. Airworthiness Certificate are C: Parts 43, 91, and 121.

7. Type Certificates are issued to A: Engines, aircraft, and propellers.

8. There are B: Two “kinds” of FAA Field Approvals.

9. A PMA part is A: FAA approved part for a specific make and model aircraft.

10. A TSO part is D: Generic approved part used on many makes and models of aircraft.

11. FAA “Acceptable” data is used for D: Routine maintenance.

12. FAA “Approved” data is used for C: Answers a and b, major repairs and major alterations.

13. “Rebuild” means C: Inspected, cleaned, and repaired to meet new limits.

14. “Overhaul” means A: inspected, cleaned, and repaired to meet service limits.

15. A manufacturer of a TC, PMA, TSO product can not (B) repair his own product.

16. C: The owner or operator is “primarily” responsible for the airworthiness of the aircraft.

17. An owner of an aircraft can destroy maintenance records for a major repair after C: One year.

18. Part 43.13 Performance rule requires all work accomplished with the necessary data, tools to be equal to or better than the original equipment/component. B: False.

19. Total time means A: number of hours measured from take-off to landing.

20. D: All of the above: Mechanic/repair station, pilot, or manufacturer can sign off maintenance in a U.S. registered aircraft’s logbook?

21. The “accountable manager” of a Part 145 repair station is C: Responsible for the repair station compliance with the regulations.

22. The definition of the word “article(s)” as used in Part 145 means A: An aircraft, engine, propeller, or component.

23. Regarding the Part 145 repair station “Manual,” “Quality Control Manual,” and “Training program” D: Only the repair station training program has to be FAA approved.

24. A Part 145 repair station Certificate is good for D: Answers A and B: In the U.S., the certificate is good until surrendered, suspended, or revoked. Outside the U.S., the certificate is good for one year and renewed for two years.

25. Hazmat training for repair stations located in the U.S. must meet: A: Title 49 Code of Federal Regulations, Part 172, sub-part H.

26. All maintenance performed by a Part 145 repair station must meet the standards identified in B: Part 43.

27. A Part 145 Limited Rating is for D: Particular makes and models of articles.

28. The facility for a repair station with an airframe Class 4 rating must be A: Large enough to enclose the biggest aircraft listed on its Operation Specifications.

29. Satellite repair stations can be in another country and have different ratings than the repair station that manages it. B: False.

30. Repair station roster of management, supervisory, and inspection personnel must be revised within how many days after a change in the roster takes place C: Five business days.

31. Must the repair station perform a self-evaluation on every article on the Capability List? B: Yes and keep the self-evaluation for each article until removed.

32. Repair station maintenance records must be kept for a period of B: Two years.

33. A repair station may contract with non-certificated repair facilities if that repair station D: All of the above: Has ensured the facility has a quality control system equal to its own; the repair station remains directly-in-charge of the work performed; and the repair station inspects the contract facility frequently for compliance.

34. FAA may inspect the repair station or any of its un-certificated contract facilities C: At any time.

35. What kind of enforcement action(s) can the FAA take against a repair station who did not comply with the Federal Aviation Regulations? D: Civil Penalty and/or Administrative Action.

36. FAA Civil enforcement against repair stations contains two enforcement procedures C: Revocation or suspension of the certificate.

37. The main purpose of a Safety Management System in a repair station is C: To reduce risk.

38. Studies have shown that the biggest obstacle to creating and maintaining a successful Safety Management System in a repair station is A: Lack of management buy-in.

39. The situation(s) where the most errors occur in a repair station is D: All of the above: Prolong overtime; Extreme heat or cold working conditions; or Shift turn-over.

40. A repair station can perform work at another location other than its permanent location only if D: Answers A and B: The FAA authorizes it; or the repair station manual has procedures in place to perform the work.

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