Depending on the project, NYPA and its Clean Transportation Group provide gap funding or help the customer with identifying available funding and also provide the expertise to install and check the necessary equipment. In 2006, NYPA assisted Delta Air Lines in the replacement of its fleet of 15 diesel-operated GSE with electric models (seven baggage tractors, six belt loaders and two aircraft tractors) at the historic Marine Air Terminal, co-funded the cost of high-tech rapid chargers and introduced Delta to QCAP (Queens Clean Air Project) who provided them with additional funding. “Another interesting point about this project,” Markowitz says, “we replaced two aircraft tugs with the electric towbarless TLD which at the time were the first of their type in the country … compared to the old diesel units with the towbar … it was a big upgrade for the operators.” This was NYPA’s first airport and the entire project was completed in 2006.
Since then, they have been working with the Albany County Airport Authority and Delta Air Lines where they just completed a similar project, and are now in the early phases with Westchester County Airport.
“Westchester is a unique case because all of the GSE is actually owned by the airport,” Markowitz explains. “Though the project is pending, we helped the county apply for a federal grant and we are looking at 20 to 25 vehicles which will end up going for bid.”
NYPA is also working with the Stewart International Airport, where they are implementing gate electrification.
A Clean Future
Timing is everything. Unfortunately, the ILEAV program was stopped dead in its tracks after the events of 9/11. The resulting economic downturn in the airline industry had direct consequences on ILEAV commitments. In many cases, airlines and other organizations scaled back their planned acquisitions of GSE using alternative fuels. The projects most affected, according to the FAA, were in Atlanta (ATL), Chicago (ORD), and New York (JFK and LGA).
The sponsors of these airports made repeated good-faith efforts to restructure their projects and to attract new participants, but in the end had to ask the FAA to terminate their ILEAV grants and to redistribute the funding to other eligible Airport Improvement Projects (AIP). However, the FAA relied on the ILEAV experience to design the national Voluntary Airport Low Emission Program (VALE), which was authorized in the Vision 100 Century of Aviation Reauthorization Act of 2003.
Currently, only 10 airports and nine airlines have been part of the ILEAV and VALE projects since 2001, yet there are 514 airports eligible for the VALE program. Perhaps this is soon to change. “Green” seems to be quickly becoming the wave of the environmental future across all industries so it may not be long before these programs begin to grow, exponentially.
Southern California Edison (SCE) has been involved in airport and GSE electrification projects for more than 10 years. In a paper titled California Airports’ Ground Support Equipment and the Memorandum of Understanding, Coleen Tessema, electric transportation project manager sums it up, “The airlines achieve emission goals; airport management and airlines realize operational savings through reduced maintenance and off-peak charging; GSE operators enjoy a reduced noise level and a less congested work environment; the surrounding communities breathe cleaner air’ the utility mitigates any adverse system impact on the distribution system; and all stakeholders gain positive brand equity.”
As Roger B. Kelley, president and chief executive officer of the New York Power Authority remarks, “Two of our nation’s biggest challenges are to cut our dependence on foreign oil and to fight the threat of global warming. With these vehicles that are out on the tarmac, we’re taking on both.”
To learn more about the VALE program go to: http://www.faa.gov/airports_airtraffic/airports/environment/vale/
FAA's Inherently Low-Emission Airport Vehicle Pilot Program is underway, writes Michelle Garetson February 2003 The Federal Aviation Administration Office of Airports Community and...
The EPA has stepped onto the airfield with requirements to reduce emissions and the FAA's plan to assist airports may not spread to airlines, causing a buzz about the proposed program.