Once a MIP is concluded, the NAA and the FAA can decide if a repair station receives initial certification, renewal with all ratings, any amendments to a repair station’s certificate, or even if the repair station is denied renewal. Additionally there will be a “reciprocal acceptance of recommendations for certification and renewal” and recording of results from surveillance when a NAA issues certificates to U.S.-based repair stations. And when the NAA refuses certification of a U.S.-based repair station, the FAA, per the MIP, accepts NAA findings and recommendations for renewal and certification.
Foreign repair stations
The FAA certifies nondomestic repair stations operating under the provisions of Title 14 CFR Part 145; these foreign repair stations maintain, modify, or alter aeronautical products per U.S. airworthiness regulations. Under each MIP, a NAA and the FAA coordinate efforts to develop procedures for surveillance, schedules for inspection, and certification programs. These international agreements allow the oversight door to swing both ways. The NAA oversees the foreign repair stations per the standards of that country, and the FAA oversees its repair stations located here as per our standards. The two countries’ married policies per MIP guarantee that the repair stations in any country are receiving harmonized oversight.
To conclude a MIP, the FAA follows a four-phased process together with NAAs with a BASA (if the NAA lacks a BASA, one is negotiated while the MIP is being concluded). First the FAA familiarizes itself with the NAA system, assuring it has proper documentation and sufficient capability.
A FAA MIP team is gathered to evaluate the NAA system in the second phase; here regulations are checked for compatibility while joint assessments of the NAA’s repair stations take place. In the third phase the MIP is developed; the FAA and NAA discuss differences and special conditions. In the final fourth phase, the U.S. State Department concurs with the MIP and the FAA/NAA sign off on it.
Note: Some long-standing working relationships between the FAA and some countries or regions could result in limited joint assessment inspections. The European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) and its forerunner the Joint Aviation Authority (JAA) have this kind of relationship, so assessment inspections between the two may not be necessary.
A MIP issued by the FAA and NAA for a particular repair station is based on evaluations of 14 CFR Part 145 and foreign NAA regulations ruling repair stations. The joint evaluation streamlines the surveillance of the repair station to eliminate redundant criteria and identify differences; the resulting regulations and requirements are used to conduct surveillance on the repair stations either by the FAA or NAA, according to where the repair station is located. The evaluation also determines the ability for the FAA or NAA to carry out surveillance on the other’s behalf; in other words there will be surveillance by one qualified overseer instead of two or three while maintaining equivalent levels of safety.
If there’s no BASA
But suppose a repair station in a foreign country or within the United States isn’t operating under a BASA and its related MIP; what standards does it work under? The repair station is subject to perform work on aeronautical products to FAA standards and one or more different NAA standards. The ends are the same — the repair stations must meet the standards of both entities.
What’s the benefit of a MIP? It’s like going through two security screening stations in a row at the airport; the second station says put your shoes back on but take your socks off first. The rules the repair stations must follow with a MIP result in synchronized safety systems with less cumbersome/costly technical and administrative procedures for the recognition of certificates.
It’s difficult to list the BASA countries here, but they’re worldwide and the list changes frequently. International agreements are vital; the BASA/MIP is the surest way the FAA has for maintaining safety across the globe.
Part 2: Regulatory oversight of domestic vs. foreign repair stations
The Maintenance Annex Guidance (MAG), similar to the various maintenance implementation procedures (MIP) between the Federal Aviation Administration and the European Aviation Safety Agency, became...
Certification paves way for owner/operators in EASA member countries to receive approved exhaust parts and engine mounts from AWI.
The new study conducted by AeroStrategy examined the economic impact of existing maintenance BASAs on certificated repair stations.